English Medium Answer

  1. Which one of the following soil is ideal for growing cotton?

a)Regular soil

b) Laterite soil

c) Desert soil

d) Mountainous soil

Ans-regular soil

2.When running water cuts through clayey soil and makes deep channels,they lead to.

a.Gully erosion

b. Sheet erosion

C.Deforestation

d.Afforestation

Ans-

3.The language spoken by the people

residing in the Wallonia region of Belgium is:

a) German

b) Dutch

c)Spanish

d) French

Ans- German

4.Majoritarianism is followed in which of the following countries?

a.Belgium

b.England

C.Russia

d.Sri Lanka

Ans-

5.Per capita income is also known as

a)National income

b)Average Income

c) Total Income

d) Capital based Income

Ans-

Which of the following is a non renewable resource?

6.Which of the following is a non renewable resource?

a.Forest

b.Water

C.Crude oil

d.Wind energy

Ans- crude oil

B) Answer the following questions briefly in about 60 words:

  1. Explain the role of human in resource development.

Ans Human Beings help alot in natural resource development. He introduced organic fertilizers and chemical fertilizers which are helpful in one reason. Human man kind educated themselves and learned numerous helpful ways and patterns to develop the surrounding through which he use to get his daily basis things. Though he has harmed it’s ecosystem but he has made certail development as well.

Q. 2 Explain the vertical division of power by giving example from India.

Ans.

Vertical division of power: Vertical division of power means sharing of power among governments at different levels. In India, there

are three levels of the government:

(a) For entire

country: Central Government/Union

Government.

(b) At the provincial level: State

Governments.

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4.4

(c) At the local level (i.e., rural and urban): Local self governments like panchayats and municipal councils.

C) Answer the following questions in detail in about 80 words each :

(3×3=9 ) 1. Describe any three types of soil available in India.

  1. How is power shared among different organs of the government?Explain.
  2. What is the significance of the Human Development Index?

Ans.1    Indian soils are generally divided into four broad types. These soil types are:

1) alluvial soils;

2) regur soils;

3) red soils

4) laterite soils.

Ans. 2 :-

Different organs of the government are

  • Executive
  • Judiciary
  • Legislative.

Power sharing is distributed among these three departments in a horizontal manner (i.e.) they are maintained at the same power level.

Though the organs are functioning as separate ones, each one has control over the other, such that none can experience full or unlimited rights or power.

There is power balancing such that each organ performs checking on the other.

Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. This type of distribution can be called the horizontal distribution of power. This type of power sharing allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different powers.

Explanation:

Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. This is called horizontal distribution of power because it allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different powers.

Ans. 3 :- HDI or Human Development Index is important as it gives more info about the status of a country than the Per Capita Income method adopted by World Bank. HDI tells about the health, wealth, education and life expectancy of a country.

As per the available data Norway was leading the table in HDI.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy, education (Literacy Rate, Gross Enrollment Ratio at different levels and Net Attendance Ratio), and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

Describe any three types of soil available in India.

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